Scientific Evidence & Research

Roger Chou, MD,*† Jamie Baisden, MD, FACS,‡ Eugene J. Carragee, MD,§ Daniel K. Resnick, MD,¶ William O. Shaffer, MD, and John D. Loeser, MD**
Surgery for Low Back Pain A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline

Maurits van Tulder, Annette Becker, Trudy Bekkering, Alan Breen, Maria Teresa Gil del Real, Allen Hutchinson, Bart Koes, Even Laerum, Antti Malmivaara European guidelines for the management of acute nonspecific low back pain in primary care

Taimela S, Negrini S, Paroli C. Functional rehabilitation of low back disorders. Eur Med Phys 2004; 40: 29‐36

Ville Leinonen, MD, Markku Kankaanpää, DMSc, Matti Luukkonen, MD, Martti Kansanen, DMSc,Osmo Hänninen, DMSc, PhD, Olavi Airaksinen, DMSc, and Simo Taimela, DMSc. Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle Function, Perception of Lumbar Position, and Postural Control in Disc Herniation‐Related Back Pain. SPINE 2003 Volume 28, Number 8, pp 842–848

Leinonen V, Määttä S, Taimela S, Herno A, Kankaanpää M, Partanen J, Kansanen M, Hänninen O, Airaksinen O. Impaired Lumbar Movement Perception in Association with Postural Stability and Motor‐ and Somatosensory‐Evoked Potentials in Lumbar Spine Stenosis. Spine 2002; 27: 975‐983

Ville Leinonen, Markku Kankaanpää, Osmo Hänninen, Olavi Airaksinen, Simo Taimela. Paraspinal muscle responses during sudden upper limb loading. Eur J Appl Physiol (2002) 88: 42–49
Leena Timonen, Taina Rantanen, Olli‐Pekka Ryynänen, Simo Taimela, Tero E. Timonen, Raimo Sulkava. A randomized controlled trial of rehabilitation after hospitalization in frail older women: effects on strength, balance and mobility. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2002: 12: 186–192

Rissanen A, Heliövaara M, Alaranta H, Taimela S, Mälkiä E, Knekt P, Reunanen A, Aromaa A. Does Good Trunk Extensor Performance Protect Against Back‐Releated Work Disability? J Rehabil Med 2002; 34: 62‐66.

Leinonen V, Kankanpää M, Luukkonen M, Hänninen O, Airaksinen O, Taimela S. Disc Herniation‐Related Back Pain Impairs Feed‐Forward Control of Paraspinal Muscles. Spine 2001; 26(16): E367‐72.

Mannion AF, Muntener M, Taimela S, Dvorak J. Comparison of Three Active Therapies for Chronic Low Back Pain: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial with One‐year Follow‐up. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2001 Jul;40(7): 772‐8

Mannion A, Taimela S, Müntener M, Dvorak j. Active Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain 1. Effect on Back Muscle Activation, Fatigability, and Stength. Spine 2001; 26: 897‐908.

Käser L, Mannion A, Rhyner A, Weber E, Dvorak J, Müntener M. Active Therapy for Chronic Low Pack Pain Part 2. Effects on Paraspinal Muscle Cross‐Setional Area, Fiber Type Size, and Distribution. Spine 2001; 26: 909‐919

Mannion A, Junge A, Tamela S, Müntener M, Lorenzo K, Dvorak J. Active Therapy for Chronic Low Pack Pain Part 3. Factors Influencing Self‐Rated Disability and Its Change Following Therapy. Spine 2001; 26: 920‐929.

Peolsson A, Oberg B, Hedlund R. Intra‐ and Inter‐Tester Reliablility and Reference Values for Isometric Neck Strength; Physiother Res Int 2001; 6(1): 15‐26

Taimela S, Didrich C, Heinrichy M. The role of physical exercise inactivity on low back pain recurrence and absenteeism from work after active outpatient rehabilitation for recurrent‐chronic LBP: A follow‐up study. Spine 2000; 25: 1809‐1816.

Taimela S, Takala E‐P, Asklöf T, Seppälä K, Parviainen S. Active treatment of chronic neck trouble: A prospective randomized intervention with multi‐modal treatment emphasizing proprioceptive training, neck lecture and activated home exercises, and neck lecture with a recommendation of exercise. Spine 2000; 25: 1021‐1027.

Mannion AF, Muntener M, Taimela S, Dvorak J. Volvo 1999 award: A randomized clinical trial of three active therapies for chronic low back pain. Spine 1999; 24: 2435‐2448.

Taimela S, Kankaanpää M, Luoto S. The effect of lumbar fatigue on the ability to sense a change in lumbar position. A controlled study. Spine 1999; 24: 1322‐1327.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Airaksinen O, Hänninen O. The efficacy of active rehabilitation in chronic low back pain. Effect on pain intensity, self‐experienced disability and lumbar fatigability. Spine 1999; 24: 1034‐1042.

Luoto S, Taimela S, Hurri H, Alaranta H. Mechanisms explaining the association between low back trouble and deficits in information processing. A controlled study with follow‐up. Spine 1999; 24:255‐261.

Arokoski JP, Kankaanpää M, Valta T, Juvonen I, Partanen J, Taimela S, et al. Back and hip extensor muscle function during therapeutic exercises. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 1999; 80: 842‐850.

Luoto S, Aalto H, Taimela S, Hurri H, Pyykkö I, Alaranta H. One‐footed and externally disturbed two‐footed postural control in patients with chronic low back pain and healthy control subjects. A controlled study with follow‐up. Spine 1998; 23: 2081‐2089, discussion 2089‐2090.

Taimela S, Kankaanpää M, Airaksinen OV. A submaximal back endurance test utilising subjective perception of low back fatigue. Scand. J. Rehab. Med. 1998; 30: 107‐112.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Airaksinen O. Reference change limits of the paraspinal spectral EMG in evaluation of low back rehabilitation. Pathophysiology 1998; 5: 217‐224.

Peltonen JE, Taimela S, Erkintalo M, Salminen JJ, Oksanen A, Kujala UM. Back extensor and psoas muscle cross‐sectional area, prior physical training and trunk muscle strength ‐ a longitudinal study in adolescent girls. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1998; 77: 66‐71.

Kankaanpää M, Laaksonen D, Taimela S, Kokko SM, Airaksinen OV, Hänninen OO. Age, sex and body mass index as determinants of back and hip extensor fatigue in isometric Sørensen back endurance test. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 1998; 79: 1069‐1075.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Laaksonen D, Airaksinen OV, Hänninen OO. Back and hip extensor fatigability in chronic low back pain patients and controls. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 1998; 79: 412‐417.

Laurén H, Luoto S, Alaranta H, Taimela S, Hurri H, Heliövaara M. Arm motion speed and risk of neck pain. Spine 1997; 22: 2094‐2099.

Taimela S, Kujala UM, Salminen JJ, Viljanen T. The prevalence of low‐back pain among children and adolescents ‐ A nation‐wide cohort‐based questionnaire survey in Finland. Spine 1997; 22: 1132‐1136.
Taimela S, Chronische Schmerzen des unteren Rückens. Prinzipen und prognostische Faktoren gymnastischer Ûbungen. Manuelle Medizin, 1997; 35: 194‐205.

Kankaanpää M, Taimela S, Webber CL, Airaksinen OV, Hänninen OO. Lumbar paraspinal muscle fatigability in repetitive isoinertial loading: EMG spectral indices, Borg scale and endurance time. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1997; 76: 236‐242.

Kujala UM, Oksanen A, Taimela S, Salminen JJ. Training does not increase maximal extension position of the healthy back. Clin. Biomech. 1997; 12: 181‐184.

Luoto S, Taimela S, Hurri H, Aalto H, Pyykkö I, Alaranta H. Psychomotor speed and postural control in chronic low‐back patients: A controlled follow‐up study. Spine 1996; 21: 2621‐2627.

Taimela S, Härkäpää K. Strength, mobility, their changes and pain reduction in active functional restoration for chronic low back disorders. J. Spin. Disord. 1996; 9: 306‐312.

Kujala UM, Taimela S, Videman T, Battie MC, Viljanen T. Physical loading and performance as predictors of back pain in healthy adults. A 5‐year prospective study. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1996; 73:452‐458.

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